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Опубликовано Апр 2, 2015 в РАЗНОЕ | Нет комментариев

Russian architecture

russian-architectureRussia has many captivating sights that attract millions of tourists every year, but, one of the most prominent features is the architecture. A tour to Moscow provides the most easy and hassle free option of taking in the sights of the city. For the larger part of Russian history, its architecture has been heavily influenced by religion. In the past churches were regarded with the highest esteem and the most luxurious materials were used to construct them. Stones were used to for churches; this was one of the more expensive materials at the time. In this age, churches are one of the only buildings that remain intact along with the original material that was used to construct them in the past.

The design for Russian churches emerged fairly each around the eleventh century. They are very similar to Greek cross (all of the four arms are equally spread), as well as the walls having equal height and mostly being free of any openings. The church roofs have sharp slopes (look similar to the roof of a tent) and many domes covering the whole structure.

The signature onion dome first appeared in Novgorod in the cathedral of Sancta Sophia, during the eleventh century. Within the interior, the main feature is the iconostasis, an alter screen on which the paintings and icons of the church are mounted. Further information is on travel site www.tourtorussia.com.au

Following the years into the nineteen century a new type of architecture arose throughout Russia. Traditional Russian architecture sparked a lot of interest and curiously during this time and lead to the creation of an avant-guard movement during the twentieth century. Right after the 1917 revolution, the avant-guard constructivist movement gained a lot of influence (this was only for a short period of time). With this influence it lead the design of many main buildings scattered across Russia. One of the most famous buildings that were designed by this movement was Lenin’s Mausoleum, designed by Alexey Shchusev in 1924. In the late 1920’s the constructivist movement lost any influence it initially had and was replaced by the Stalinist- era architecture.

A prime example of the Stalinist- era architecture is the seven monumental wedding cake skyscrapers that rise above the rest of the city. In the most recent years the split of the Soviet Union has sparked a renewed interest in traditional Russian architecture. The outdoor architectural museum in Kostroma has a few remaining examples of traditional wooden architecture which dates all the way back to the eleventh century, these are Russia’s most treasured possessions both in value and in cultural history.

The trans-Siberian railway provides the fastest option to view all of the best locations in Moscow.

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